Symptoms of a bunion include a deviated big toe that seems to crowd the other toes or may even overlap the second toe. It is also common to have a callus form at the base of the big toe that is affected. There may also be tenderness, redness and inflammation present at the base of the big toe. Bunions most commonly affect women and this may be due in part to women wearing tight-fitting shoes (especially high heels that are narrow-toed) that force the toes together. Some persons are more susceptible to bunions due to family history or arthritic changes present in the joint. Bunions are common in ballet dancers. Keep your feet moisturized with a daily foot cream or some classic foot lotion. Make sure to allow the lotion to completely dry before putting on your shoes or you may end up with some other foot problems. Keeping your feet and corns moisturized will make it easier to remove the callouses. Corn Medications and Removal Options I would stay away from all medications when it comes to corn removal. From personal experience a corn infestation can be cured simply by following the tips above. Also remember that the medications may lead to further irritation or infection so if your going to use a corn pad buy non-medicated pads. Whenever there is an injury to an area, other areas compensate for the lost movement. If you limp, the other leg attempts to take up the slack. In so doing, it is strained and more easily injured itself. In protecting the original site of pain, the body is brought out of balance and into a state of strain and dysfunction. Pain can be from inflammation where stresses on the framework cause dysfunction such as joint misalignment, muscle fatigue, spasms, restricted blood flow, and disturbed enervation to the muscles. Myofascial trigger points in leg muscles can disrupt the proper function of the foot. Over time, these issues wear down the joints. Arterial inflow disorders are categorized by the size of the artery involved. If a large artery in the thigh or behind the knee becomes blocked by cholesterol deposits this is referred to as large vessel disease or atherosclerosis. The result may be a painful ischemic foot, which means there is a severe lack of arterial blood flow from the heart into the foot. If smaller arteries like those in the lower leg or foot is blocked, this is referred to as small vessel disease, or arteriosclerosis. This too can result in ischemia of the foot. These sores are known as ischemic ulcers. A second vasospastic disorder is called acrocyanosis. Gout is caused by having higher-than-normal levels of uric acid in your body. Your body may make too much uric acid, or have a hard time getting rid of uric acid. If too much uric acid builds up in the fluid around the joints (synovial fluid), uric acid crystals form. These crystals cause the joint to swell up and become inflamed. The exact cause is unknown. Gout may run in families. It is more common in males, postmenopausal women, and people who drink alcohol. People who take certain medicines, such as hydrochlorothiazide and other water pills, may have higher levels of uric acid in the blood. Chilblains (Perniosis) are small red spots on one's skin, they are very itchy. Increasing pains can be felt when they start becoming dark blue because of congestion. Swelling also results. When they dry out they normally leave many cracks on the skin making the person susceptible to infection. They normally affect the feet and the toes especially on areas where bunions, callus and corns are found. It is because these parts of the body are exposed to great pressure (because of tight shoes). Be sure to buy the right size shoe. There should be a thumb width of space between your toes and the end of the shoe. Different skin problems like skin infection or skin ulceration may develop from a painful callus , though they may seem harmless. Frequent movement of dancers' and runners' feet cause tremendous pressure and friction in the skin. Therefore, these people are very prone to have calluses on their feet. These dancers and runners would not be able to give their 100% if they have painful calluses on their feet. A super soft silicone pad would be the easiest and fastest solution to this problem. This extra-soft silicone pad gives much needed comfort for feet to be more mobile and at the same time it helps heal the calluses. When using the scrub, which should be done three times a week in the morning and before you go to sleep, fill enough water in a basin to cover your feet, add 1 cup of apple-cider vinegar, and soak your feet for 10 to 15 minutes. The vinegar helps to soften hard skin. After the soak, use firm pressure to massage the Callus Smoother Scrub into your feet. Do this for approximately 2 to 3 minutes on each foot, but you can use the scrub for as long as you want. Then rinse your feet with warm water and rub them dry with a coarse towel.